Labour Force Participation

The participation rate measures the proportion of the working-age population who are in the labour force (either employed or unemployed and actively seeking work). The level of employment and the propensity of people to participate in the labour force are the key variables which determine the prevailing level of unemployment and the unemployment rate. Participation rates are affected by a range of economic, demographic and social factors.

The rate of participation in the labour force indicates the extent to which people actively seek work. This indicator shows labour force participation rates for persons 15 years and older for each of the major metropolitan areas, together with the Canadian average. Data is shown for annual averages from 2002 to 2012. Differences between the metropolitan areas may reflect differences in economies, society and demographics.

Over the 10-year period, the proportion of Winnipeggers aged 15+ years who were actively participating in the labour force declined marginally from 71 per cent to 69.8 per cent. The average rate among all major metropolitan centres was slightly better, with a 0.1 per cent increase. An increasing participation rate reflects a growing young working population and immigrating workforce.

Participation Rate: Winnipeg and CMA Average (2002 to 2012)