Labour Force Participation

The participation rate measures the proportion of the working-age population who are in the labour force (either employed or unemployed and actively seeking work). The level of employment and the propensity of people to participate in the labour force are the key variables which determine the prevailing level of unemployment and the unemployment rate. Participation rates are affected by a range of economic, demographic and social factors.

The rate of participation in the labour force indicates the extent to which people actively seek work. This indicator shows labour force participation rates for persons 15 years and older for each of the major metropolitan areas, together with the Canadian average. Data is shown for annual averages from 2003 to 2013. 

The level of participation for Winnipeg in 2013 was 2.8 points higher than the Canadian average at 69.3 per cent. Over the 10-year period, the proportion of Winnipeggers aged 15+ years who were actively participating in the labour force declined marginally from 70.1 per cent to 69.3 per cent (similar to the national rate). This overall decreasing participation rate reflects a shrinking young working paoulation and immigrating workforce.

Participation Rate: Winnipeg and CMA Average (2003 to 2013)

Source: Statistics Canada