Labour Force Participation

The participation rate measures the proportion of the working-age population who are in the labour force (either employed or unemployed and actively seeking work). The level of employment and the propensity of people to participate in the labour force are the key variables which determine the prevailing level of unemployment and the unemployment rate. Participation rates are affected by a range of economic, demographic and social factors.

In 2014, Winnipeg's participation rate of 67.8 per cent was above the national rate of 66 per cent.  Over a five-year period, the participation rate in Winnipeg did not keep pace with the national level and dropped by 2.3 percentage points.  The majority of other major metropolitan areas also experienced a decline in workforce participation.

Participation Rate: Winnipeg and CMA Average (2009 to 2014)

Source: Statistics Canada